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Daily rituals

Rituais do dia-a-dia

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There is such mystery surrounding a ballerina’s life. What lies behind the scenes, making the magic happen on stage? How many hours a day do we train? What is our routine like? What do we eat? How do we prepare for shows? A great deal of the work that we do is hidden from the public’s eye (like other art forms). What we present is only the final product.

The Royal Ballet in Mayerling © ROH

Perhaps that is why World Ballet Day has become so popular, as it offers a sneak peek at the inner workings of some of the most prestigious dance companies, opening a window to the day-to-day life of a dancer. It is still a limited view, nonetheless. We have skipped a few steps of the process and present the final stages of rehearsals. Everyone is always in their best behaviour. In reality there are, indeed, a lot of trials and errors, failings and struggles, even to the best professionals.

If we were watching a painter at work, I believe we would first witness him making drafts and sketches in pencil, lines being drawn onto a blank canvas, the added layers of colours and texture… If we go even deeper, we would ask him what inspires him to paint, how does he refine technique, what are the setbacks? The rehearsals being live streamed are like a colourful picture already on the stages of refinement prior to a performance. The biggest effort happens in between the lines, every day, and it starts at the barre.

Company in #worldballetday some years ago

Each exercise at the barre is made to warm you up slowly and safely for what lays ahead, from the simple pas de bourres to big jumps. Most importantly, it is how you place yourself correctly (we say it puts us “on our legs”) for all the turning, jumping, and balancing that dancing requires.

We do slight variations of pliés, tendus, jetés, rond de jambés, fondus, frappés, adages, and grand battement ever since we came to know ballet! In centre, we have again an adage, turns, small jumps that gradually progress into big jumps and, if the time allows, a coda to practice grand pirouettes and manage.

Classes build in difficulty, energy, and speed. It is not just an exercise of the body; it is a training of the mind as well.

Ballet masters have different styles; they make up different combinations of steps, following that exact progressive order, to suit a certain methodology and emphasise what they feel to be essential. Each has their own approach, and classes can differ in tempo and dynamic. If it is someone familiar teaching class, we can sort of predict the exercises.

In pandemic times, we have been separated into groups and sometimes end up in a studio with no teacher, just the tv and another class being streamed live from a different studio for us to follow. One day we couldn't get the image to work in our tv, only the sound, yet we managed to do the entire class led by the teacher's voice, the music, and our professionalism.

The Ashton studio (top right corner is the camera set up for streaming to other studios)

If we are doing the same thing every day, does that mean we can go into autopilot? Absolutely not! Dancers need to cultivate a body-mind connection, be very aware of what they are doing so as to create a sort of muscle memory, a way that we can be sure things will work every time. Personally, I don’t trust luck to help me in challenging times. In class, we are essentially practicing steps that we are going to be doing in some shape of form during a performance. We need technique to hold on to, especially when feeling anxious.

Classes are there for us to build muscular strength, coordination, and confidence in our abilities, amongst other things. Most dancers arrive in the studio half an hour or more before class to warm up. Some like to cycle or do pilates exercises or stretching, but that alone couldn't prepare us for the physical demands of classical ballet.

I have always believed that class is crucial for a successful and healthy career. Especially in professional life, it might be the only way to keep our technique and bad habits in check. I would love to be able to say that classes are always as energetic and uplifting as the ones seen in World Ballet Day, but it is impossible to sustain that level of energy throughout a busy season. There is always something positive one can take from it though, even when feeling exhausted.

The company after W.B.D. 2020 class on stage

Behind closed doors, ballet class is a moment of quietness and complete focus in ourselves. It is way more internal than a showcase of tricks and abilities (unless someone you want to impress is watching at the front of the room). It is much more a sort of meditation, a way to focus on your breathing and connect with your emotions, to make sure body and mind feel alright.

It takes a lot of caring and love, but if you approach ballet as a spiritual exercise as well as physical, you won’t focus so much on what it looks like, but on how you feel internally. Moving to the sound of beautiful classical music, that in itself can be all that it takes to bring back some energy and positivity into our days. Dancing needs to be organic, to come from within.

Dancing to the sound of live music is everything.

Training is such a vital part of ballet, but there would be no performances without rehearsals. No matter how long you've been a professional, you need time in the studio to prepare for different roles. It is a long process of learning the steps, repeating several times, seeing what works and what doesn’t for each individual, coordinating lifts and grips with your partner, learning when to push and when to catch your breath, besides working on interpretation and understanding your character.

I find that the only way to build stamina is by executing a number from start to finish. Each ballet feels different and you most likely will feel totally out of breath when starting something new, no matter how fit you are. I never understood that, but it is a fact. It feels as if we have to teach ourselves how to breathe differently in everything that we do.

Quite often here, dancers complain that there is not enough rehearsal time in the studio. We rarely feel ready to perform.

Neapolitan dance in Swan Lake with James Hay © ROH

I often wondered why I dance well when thrown unexpectedly into a role I haven't rehearsed or haven't really prepared for, but I suppose it is because I trust my instincts and let things happen naturally. I don’t know what to expect, therefore I have no fear. The minute I start rehearsing I create expectations, overanalyse steps, and start building monsters in my head. It doesn't make any sense, I know, but it happens a lot and I'm sure I'm not the only victim of my mind.

Part of being a professional dancer is learning how to deal with those days when you are just a little vulnerable. Some rehearsals can be wonderful, others very frustrating. The body gets tired or just doesn’t feel right, you feel completely “off your leg” (off balance) or not in the right mindset. I understood, with time, that it is only natural we have good and bad days in dance just like in everyday life. I wait for the feeling to pass, not expecting things to be perfect, and realise more and more how my mood can play a vital part in how I dance and how satisfied I am.


Things don’t always go as planned and that is what rehearsals are for too, for teaching you the art of improvisation and not letting the public notice that something didn't work quite well. That, for me, has become the most striking difference between an inexperienced ballerina and a mature one. Great dancers always seemed so flawless to me, but now I know that even they have difficult days, they are just very good at covering it up. The truth of the matter is: the more you perform a role, the more comfortable it feels and the more you trust yourself to be able to do it. Self-confidence is key.

For me, dancing is a journey of self-discovery. It is as emotional as it is physical and goes beyond what the eyes can see. It is about making choices, following your intuition, and having absolute faith. It certainly gets me out of my comfort zone and teaches me more about myself than anything else. How will I react today? How can I stay positive? With so many years of training and experience, one should be able to master things quite easily, but there is a lot happening inside our minds, blocking us. Rehearsals are opportunities for overcoming our fears and insecurities, training our minds as well as bodies, allowing ourselves to fail in order to learn from our mistakes.

Rehearsing La Bayadere #wbd 2018

I've always loved finding out what goes into making people excel at what they do, observing what kind of lives they lead. One of my favourite films as a child was Nadia (1984), the true story of Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci, from the start of her training in her childhood to how she went on to receive seven "perfect 10s" in the Montreal Olympics. What I liked about the film was seeing the hours of intense training and concentration, how Nadia grabs an opportunity with both hands and makes history, and especially seeing the bond she creates with her coach, Bela Karolyi. It is the sort of relationship I built myself with my former coach, Toshie Kobayashi, and something I truly value.

I strongly believe that behind every success story, there is a wonderful coach and a strong support system.

Toshie, who always used to say ballet class is sacred.

A glimpse into this reality makes things feel more "real" and tangible. In World Ballet Day, one gets a sense of our physical effort, how each dancer and company is very unique, but our jobs are much more than that. As professionals, we each take responsibility for our health and progress. We all work very hard and hope that the the work bares fruit. I think we all want to be the best dancers that we can be, do what we feel is within our reach, or even beyond. It is certainly what I strive for every day.

"Until you spread your wings, you'll have no idea how far you can fly" - Napoleon

Nadia Comaneci at the age of 14 (1976), in Montreal.

1 Comment

Ana Luisa Salamunes Vitorassi
Ana Luisa Salamunes Vitorassi
Nov 10, 2020

A realidade nua e crua, que só o bailarino profissional pode contar. Muito interessante enxergar a rotina do balé além do glamour dos espetáculos ou mesmo do World Ballet Day.

Concordo com você: todo campeão tem um grande treinador. Muito legal você mencionar a Dona Toshie. Todo reconhecimento é pouco se comparado ao que os grandes professores nos ensinam. Num próximo post, minha sugestão de tema são as famigeradas sapatilhas. O primeiro dia de ponta até a descoberta da ponta ideal. Um beijo!

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